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Gambling Through the Ease of Baccarat

Baccarat gambling is considered to be one of the most practical game played in the casino. It is commonly known as the “Punto Banco”. This is called so because it involves two hands, The banker which is called the “banco” and the player which is called the “punto”. Both the banker and the player will be dealt with two cards each. If the outcome of the two cards that were dealt were not satisfactory both players may ask for one more card . The hand with a total card closest to nine wins the game. The tens cards and face cards have a zilch value . If the total of the two cards falls on two digits, then the one in the right digit is being read and the one in the left is being discarded. This is how baccarat game is being played.

To have a clearer view of baccarat gambling, let us take for example ; you were dealt with a pair of cards , an ace and a king. The total value of your cards in hand is one. Another illustration is that suppose you are dealt with a pair of cards eighth and five, adding these two cards will give a result of 13. The left digit 1 is dropped and the digit on the right which is 3 is the value of your hand. Hence, your value is 3.

In baccarat gambling, there are normally 14 players. The rotation of players is pretty much the same as that of the craps. The baccarat table is compose of three betting areas. One area is for the banker, another area for the player and another one for a tie. For your hand you have to wager on any of the three. Well, it can’t be denied that the bank has a little bit of edge because he is the last in the playing sequence. For each win in baccarat gambling that the banker gets, a vig (casino’s commission) of 5 % is being paid by him.

In baccarat gambling, there are some options a player may take. If a player or either a banker has a hand of 8 or 9, they are at best to stand. It can also be done with players having a 6 or 7. However, if a player has a hand of 5, or less, then a hit is declared.

With all the procedures and strategies discussed, we can see that baccarat gambling is really a straightforward game .

Gambling in Ancient Rome

Gambling is as old as history. All ancient peoples had some form of gambling, and the Romans was no exception to this rule. Everyone, from nobles to ordinary citizens down to slaves, liked to gamble and play games in ancient Rome.

To suppress gambling, the Roman government under Emperor Augustus had imposed laws against it. The vice was officially permitted only on Saturnalia, a week-long festival in honor of the god Saturn. Saturnalia was one of the major festivals in ancient Rome, and a predecessor of Christmas. During this period, slaves and masters would switch roles and the former would have the rare pleasure of gambling at the table while the latter served them. The masters, too, would gamble and have fun, of course.

For the rest of the year, gamblers could be fined for indulging in their favorite pastime. However this law was not strictly enforced, for aristocrats including Augustus himself were hooked on gambling. This subjected the emperor to ridicule among critics, but he did not seem to mind. Most of ancient Rome tolerated this vice and at least one writer, the satirist Horace, never attacked the Augustinian court for its gambling propensity.

Later Roman emperors were also given to games of chance. Among these were Commodus (portrayed in the movie “Gladiator”), who used the imperial palace as a casino and whorehouse to finance his bankrupt regime; and Nero, who would bet outrageously high amounts of sestertii (Roman currency) on one roll of the dice. Caligula would have noblemen arrested or killed, and their properties seized, whilst boasting about the fact at the gaming table. And Claudius was so fond of alea (dice) that the playwright Seneca imagined he would be condemned in hell to perpetually cast dice into a bottomless box. Such royal examples could not have resulted in anything less than a whole empire being addicted to gambling.

In ancient Rome, men gambled both in their homes and in public houses. Chips, not unlike what are used today, were employed in place of money. Popular games included board games like Tabula (a type of backgammon), coin toss, and dice-throw or Tesserae. Betting on horse-racing and gladiator bouts were popular too. With gambling, of course, came cheating. Archeologists have found ancient dice that were “loaded” to fall as desired in Pompeii’s ruins.

To be an adept gambler came to be a status symbol in ancient Rome. An expert in “the art of tessarae” was expected to rise in the social ranks higher and faster than one who shied away from gaming.

Like many other pleasures, gambling as a rule was for men only. Roman women would play only during the Bona Dea festival. This was a holiday for ladies only, equivalent to an “all girls’ night-out” of modern times.

Juvenal, a harsh critic of ancient Rome’s decadence, once wrote, “Isn’t it insane to lose 100,000 sestertii in one bet, yet deny clothes to a slave who is dying in the cold?”

In time, just about all Romans had yielded to the allures of gambling. Not only the citizens of Rome, but the people of other Roman provinces were infected with the habit.

So matters stood when Constantine the Great moved the imperial office from Rome to Constantinople. The fall of Rome into vice, corruption and gaming was complete, and she would never regain her old glory.